PROCEDURE IN CASES NOT REQUIRING A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION
> If the complaint is filed with the prosecutor, the prosecutor shall act on the complaint based on the affidavits and other supporting documents submitted by the complainant WITHIN 10 DAYS FROM ITS FILING
> If the complaint is filed with the MTC, and within 10 days from the filing of the complaint or information, the judge FINDS NO PROBABLE CAUSE after personally examining the evidence in writing and under oath of the complainant and his witnesses in the form of searching questions and answers, HE SHALL DISMISS THE COMPLAINT OR INFORMATION
> He may require the submission or additional evidence, WITHIN 10 DAYS FROM NOTICE. If he still finds no probable cause, he shall dismiss the case.
> IF HE FINDS PROBABLE CAUSE, he shall issue a warrant of arrest or commitment order and hold him for trial. If he thinks there is no necessity for placing the accused under custody, he may ISSUE SUMMONS INSTEAD
> Distinction between the control of the court and the prosecutor
> If the case has been filed in court, THE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE IS ADMONISHED not to entertain any petition for review. The court may ignore or deny any decision he would make and this would cause embarrassment to him.
> The court acquires absolute control upon the filing of the case